CPR Refresher Step 1: Assess Responsiveness

Assessing Responsiveness in an Adult and Child

Once the rescuer has made sure that both the rescuer and victim are safe from any hazards, check the victim for responsiveness. Shake the victim by the shoulder and shout his/her name if known, or simply ask in a loud voice if the victim can hear you. Once responsiveness has been assessed, visualize the victim’s chest to check for breathing. Look, listen and feel for signs of breathing by placing your ear over the mouth/nose while peering at the chest. If the victim is unresponsive and/or not breathing, or is breathing ineffectively (i.e., gasping), proceed to the next step.


Assessing Responsiveness in an Infant

Tap the infant on the shoulder and shout his/her name if known, flick the feet. Once responsiveness has been assessed, look at the victim’s chest to check for breathing. If the victim is unresponsive and/or not breathing, or is breathing ineffectively (i.e., gasping), proceed to the next step.


Step 2: Check for a pulse