CPR Refresher Step 4: Giving Rescue Breaths

On an Adult and Child Open the Airway With a Head Tilt-Chin Lift

  1. To open the airway, place one hand on the victim’s forehead and apply gentle pressure to tilt the head back.
  2. With your other hand, lift the jaw by gently grasping the bony part of the victim’s chin and lifting upwards. (Be careful not to press on the soft tissue under the jaw, as this may occlude blood flow or impede breathing).
  3. Pinch the nose closed
  4. Place your mouth over the victim’s lips creating a firm tight seal.
  5. Give 2 breaths. Each breath should be given over 1 second with the nose pinched and you should ensure that the chest rises with each breath. Allow the chest to return to neutral position after each breath. Avoid excessive ventilation.

Continue CPR by resuming 30 compressions. Continue providing CPR in cycles of 30:2 (30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths) until help arrives or a more experienced rescuer arrives.


Open the Airway and Deliver a Rescue Breath to an Infant

  1. Place one hand on the victim’s forehead and apply gentle pressure to tilt the head back.
  2. With your other hand, lift the jaw by gently grasping the bony part of the infants chin and lifting upwards. (Be careful not to press on the soft tissue under the jaw, as this may occlude blood flow or impede breathing).
  3. Cover the infant’s mouth and nose with your mouth and form a tight seal. If you are unable to cover the infants nose and mouth, cover their mouth and pinch the nose closed with your hand. Give 2 breaths.
  4. Breaths should be given over 1 second and you should ensure that the chest rises with each breath. Allow the chest to return to neutral position after each breath.

Continue CPR by resuming 30 compressions. Continue providing CPR in cycles of 30:2 (30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths) until help arrives or a more experienced rescuer arrives.


Step 5: Use the Heimlich to Stop Choking